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CAS 57-13-6 | Data Package > 1000 t/a

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Includes:

Study name Short Description Data Owner
Appearance/physical state/colour Robust Study Summary -- Title: CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics | Author: Lide D.R. | Year: 2006 | Klimisch score: 2 - Reliable with restrictions. -
Melting point/freezing point Robust Study Summary -- Title: Determination of some physical-chemical properties of Urea | Author: Gwerder C. Misslin P.-P. Meier P. Durrer M. Schweighauser U. Reuse P. & Holzschuh O. | Year: 2009 | Klimisch score: 1 - Reliable without restriction. -
Melting point/freezing point Right to refer to study -- Title: Determination of some physical-chemical properties of Urea | Author: Gwerder C. Misslin P.-P. Meier P. Durrer M. Schweighauser U. Reuse P. & Holzschuh O. | Year: 2009 | Klimisch score: 1 - Reliable without restriction. -
Boiling point Robust Study Summary -- Title: CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics | Author: Lide D.R. | Year: 2006 | Klimisch score: 2 - Reliable with restrictions. -
Density Robust Study Summary -- Title: Determination of some physical-chemical properties of Urea | Author: Gwerder C. Misslin P.-P. Meier P. Durrer M. Schweighauser U. Reuse P. & Holzschuh O. | Year: 2009 | Guideline: 109 | Klimisch score: 1 - Reliable without restriction. -
Density Right to refer to study -- Title: Determination of some physical-chemical properties of Urea | Author: Gwerder C. Misslin P.-P. Meier P. Durrer M. Schweighauser U. Reuse P. & Holzschuh O. | Year: 2009 | Guideline: 109 | Klimisch score: 1 - Reliable without restriction. -
Particle size distribution (Granulometry)/Fibre length and diameter distribution Robust Study Summary -- Title: Harnstoff TDS 10.10.09 Box 2 | Author: Halmdienst A. | Year: 2009 | Klimisch score: 2 - Reliable with restrictions. -
Particle size distribution (Granulometry)/Fibre length and diameter distribution Right to refer to study -- Title: Harnstoff TDS 10.10.09 Box 2 | Author: Halmdienst A. | Year: 2009 | Klimisch score: 2 - Reliable with restrictions. -
Vapour pressure Robust Study Summary -- Title: Sublimation pressure data for organic compounds | Author: Hamilton Jones A. | Year: 1960 | Klimisch score: 2 - Reliable with restrictions. -
Partition coefficient Robust Study Summary -- Title: Determination of the partition coefficient between octanol and water (logPow) by the shake flask method. | Author: Junghans M. | Year: 2008 | Klimisch score: 1 - Reliable without restriction. -
Partition coefficient Right to refer to study -- Title: Determination of the partition coefficient between octanol and water (logPow) by the shake flask method. | Author: Junghans M. | Year: 2008 | Klimisch score: 1 - Reliable without restriction. -
Water solubility Robust Study Summary -- Title: Determination of some physical-chemical properties of Urea | Author: Gwerder C. Misslin P.-P. Meier P. Durrer M. Schweighauser U. Reuse P. & Holzschuh O. | Year: 2009 | Klimisch score: 1 - Reliable without restriction. -
Water solubility Right to refer to study -- Title: Determination of some physical-chemical properties of Urea | Author: Gwerder C. Misslin P.-P. Meier P. Durrer M. Schweighauser U. Reuse P. & Holzschuh O. | Year: 2009 | Klimisch score: 1 - Reliable without restriction. -
Flammability Robust Study Summary -- Title: Determination of some physical-chemical properties of Urea | Author: Gwerder C. Misslin P.-P. Meier P. Durrer M. Schweighauser U. Reuse P. & Holzschuh O. | Year: 2009 | Klimisch score: 1 - Reliable without restriction. -
Flammability Right to refer to study -- Title: Determination of some physical-chemical properties of Urea | Author: Gwerder C. Misslin P.-P. Meier P. Durrer M. Schweighauser U. Reuse P. & Holzschuh O. | Year: 2009 | Klimisch score: 1 - Reliable without restriction. -
Explosive properties Waiver -
Oxidising properties Waiver -
Stability: Dissociation constant Robust Study Summary -- Title: Determination of some physical-chemical properties of Urea | Author: Gwerder C. Misslin P.-P. Meier P. Durrer M. Schweighauser U. Reuse P. & Holzschuh O. | Year: 2009 | Guideline: 112 | Klimisch score: 1 - Reliable without restriction. -
Stability: Dissociation constant Right to refer to study -- Title: Determination of some physical-chemical properties of Urea | Author: Gwerder C. Misslin P.-P. Meier P. Durrer M. Schweighauser U. Reuse P. & Holzschuh O. | Year: 2009 | Guideline: 112 | Klimisch score: 1 - Reliable without restriction. -
Viscosity Waiver -
Acute toxicity: oral Robust Study Summary -- Title: Toxicological Studies of Urea. Acute Subacute and Chronic tests in Rats and Mice. | Author: Sato N. Aikawa K. Sugimoto T. Kotera K. Tauchi K. Tanaka H. Ikada K. & Igarashi N. | Year: 1977 | Guideline: 401 | Klimisch score: 2 - Reliable with restrictions. -
Acute toxicity: oral Robust Study Summary -- Title: Effect of an expansion-processed mixture of grain and urea on rumen metabolism in cattle and on urea toxicity | Author: Stiles D.A. Bartley E.E. Meyer R.M. Deyoe C.W. & Pfost H.B. | Year: 1970 | Klimisch score: 2 - Reliable with restrictions. -
Acute toxicity: oral Robust Study Summary -- Title: Absence of urea toxicity in young pigs | Author: Button C. Joubert J.P. Maartens B.P. | Year: 1982 | Klimisch score: 2 - Reliable with restrictions. -
Acute toxicity: inhalation Waiver -
Acute toxicity: dermal Waiver -
Skin irritation / corrosion Robust Study Summary -- Title: Primary Skin Irritation/Corrosion Study with AD1006 in the Rabbit (4-Hour Semi-Occlusive Application) | Author: Hooiveld M.J.J. | Year: 2003 | Guideline: 404 | Klimisch score: 1 - Reliable without restriction. -
Skin irritation / corrosion Right to refer to study -- Title: Primary Skin Irritation/Corrosion Study with AD1006 in the Rabbit (4-Hour Semi-Occlusive Application) | Author: Hooiveld M.J.J. | Year: 2003 | Guideline: 404 | Klimisch score: 1 - Reliable without restriction. -
Eye irritation Robust Study Summary -- Title: Report on the acute irritation to the eye of the white rabbit based on OECD | Author: Kirsch P. Kersebohm B. | Year: 1988 | Guideline: 405 | Klimisch score: 2 - Reliable with restrictions. -
Eye irritation Right to refer to study -- Title: Report on the acute irritation to the eye of the white rabbit based on OECD | Author: Kirsch P. Kersebohm B. | Year: 1988 | Guideline: 405 | Klimisch score: 2 - Reliable with restrictions. -
Skin sensitisation Waiver -
in vitro gene mutation study in bacteria (Ames) Robust Study Summary -- Title: Chromosomal Aberration Tests in vitro as a Primary Screening Tool for Environmental Mutagens and/or Carcinogens | Author: Ishidate M. Sofuni T. & Yoshikawa K. | Year: 1981 | Guideline: 471 | Klimisch score: 2 - Reliable with restrictions. -
in vitro gene mutation study in bacteria (Ames) Robust Study Summary -- Title: The results of microbial mutation test for forty-three industrial chemicals | Author: Shimizu H. Suzuki Y. Takemura N. Goto S. & Matsushita H. | Year: 1985 | Guideline: 471 | Klimisch score: 2 - Reliable with restrictions. -
in vitro gene mutation study in bacteria (Ames) Robust Study Summary -- Title: Salmonella mutagenicity tests: II. Results from the testing of 270 chemicals | Author: Mortelmans K. Haworth S. Lawlor T. Speck W. Tainer B. & Zeiger E. | Year: 1986 | Guideline: 471 | Klimisch score: 2 - Reliable with restrictions. -
in vitro cytogenicity study in mammalian cells (CA) Robust Study Summary -- Title: Chromosomal Aberration Tests in vitro as a Primary Screening Tool for Environmental Mutagens and/or Carcinogens | Author: Ishidate M. Sofuni T. & Yoshikawa K. | Year: 1981 | Guideline: 473 | Klimisch score: 2 - Reliable with restrictions. -
in vitro cytogenicity study in mammalian cells (CA) Robust Study Summary -- Title: Chromosome test with 134 compounds on Chinese hamster cells in vitro - a screening for chemical carcinogens | Author: Ishidate M. & Odashima S. | Year: 1977 | Klimisch score: 2 - Reliable with restrictions. -
in vitro gene mutation study in mammalian cells Robust Study Summary -- Title: Mouse lymphoma L5178Y thymidine kinase locus assay of 50 compounds | Author: Wangenheim J. & Bolcsfoldi G. | Year: 1988 | Guideline: 476 | Klimisch score: 2 - Reliable with restrictions. -
Repeated dose toxicity: oral Robust Study Summary -- Title: Carcinogenesis bioassay of acetamide hexanamide adipamide urea and P-tolylurea in mice and rats | Author: Fleischman R.W. Baker J.R. Hagopian M. Wade G.G. Hayden D.W. Smith E.R. Weisburger J.H. Weisburger E.K. | Year: 1980 | Klimisch score: 2 - Reliable with restrictions. -
Repeated dose toxicity: inhalation Waiver -
Genetic toxicity in vivo Waiver -
Genetic toxicity in vivo Robust Study Summary -- Title: Effects of urea on mitotic chromosomes of mice and onion | Author: Chaurasia O.P. & Sinha S.P. | Year: 1987 | Klimisch score: 3 - Not reliable. -
Carcinogenicity Robust Study Summary -- Title: Carcinogenesis bioassay of acetamide hexanamide adipamide urea and P-tolylurea in mice and rats | Author: Fleischman R.W. Baker J.R. Hagopian M. Wade G.G. Hayden D.W. Smith E.R. Weisburger J.H. Weisburger E.K. | Year: 1980 | Klimisch score: 2 - Reliable with restrictions. -
Toxicity to reproduction Waiver -
Developmental toxicity/teratogenicity Robust Study Summary -- Title: Prenatal developmental toxicity study of urea in rats by oral administration | Author: Hansen B. | Year: 2017 | Guideline: 414 | Klimisch score: 1 - Reliable without restriction. -
Developmental toxicity/teratogenicity Right to refer to study -- Title: Prenatal developmental toxicity study of urea in rats by oral administration | Author: Hansen B. | Year: 2017 | Guideline: 414 | Klimisch score: 1 - Reliable without restriction. -
Developmental toxicity/teratogenicity Waiver -
Short-term toxicity to fish Robust Study Summary -- Title: Results of the investigation of 200 chemical compounds for acute fish toxicity with the Golden Orfe test [Ergebnisse der Untersuchung von 200 chemischen Vergindungen auf akute Fischtoxizitat mit dem Goldorfentest] | Author: Juhnke I. & Ludemann D. | Year: 1978 | Klimisch score: 2 - Reliable with restrictions. -
Short-term toxicity to fish Robust Study Summary -- Title: Sublethal Effects of Urea on Food Intake Growth and Conversion in the Fish Tilapia mossambica | Author: Palanichamy S. Wilvam S. & Arunachalam S. | Year: 1985 | Guideline: 203 | Klimisch score: 2 - Reliable with restrictions. -
Short-term toxicity to fish Robust Study Summary -- Title: Determination of Acute Toxicity Levels of Urea to a Barillius barna (Ham) | Author: Dobriyal A.K. & Bahuguna A.K. | Year: 1988 | Klimisch score: 2 - Reliable with restrictions. -
Short-term toxicity to fish Robust Study Summary -- Title: Laborbericht Fischtoxizitatsprüfung - akut | Author: BASF | Year: 1978 | Klimisch score: 2 - Reliable with restrictions. -
Short-term toxicity to fish Right to refer to study -- Title: Laborbericht Fischtoxizitatsprüfung - akut | Author: BASF | Year: 1978 | Klimisch score: 2 - Reliable with restrictions. -
Long-term toxicity to fish Waiver -
Short-term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates Robust Study Summary -- Title: Results of toxic action of water pollutants on Daphnia Magna Straus Tested by an Improved Standardized Procedure | Author: Bringmann G. & Kuhn R. | Year: 1982 | Klimisch score: 2 - Reliable with restrictions. -
Long-term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates Waiver -
Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria Robust Study Summary -- Title: Grenzwerte der Schadwirkung wassergefährdender Stoffe gegan Blaualgen (Microcystis aeruginosa) und Grünalgen (Scenedesmus quadricauda) im Zellvermehrungshemmtest | Author: Bringmann G. & Kuhn R. | Year: 1978 | Klimisch score: 2 - Reliable with restrictions. -
Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria Robust Study Summary -- Title: Comparison of the toxicity thresholds of water pollutants to bacteria algae and protozoa in the cell multiplication inhibition test | Author: Bringmann G. & Kuhn R. | Year: 1980 | Klimisch score: 2 - Reliable with restrictions. -
Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae Robust Study Summary -- Title: Evaluation of the adverse effects of two commonly used fertilizers DAP and urea on motility and orientation of the green flagellate Euglena gracilis | Author: Azizullah A. et al. | Year: 2011 | Klimisch score: 4 - Not assignable. -
Toxicity to microorganisms Robust Study Summary -- Title: Comparison of the toxicity thresholds of water pollutants to bacteria algae and protozoa in the cell multiplication inhibition test | Author: Bringmann G. & Kuhn R. | Year: 1980 | Klimisch score: 2 - Reliable with restrictions. -
Toxicity to soil macro-organisms except anthropods Robust Study Summary -- Title: Long-term effects of nitrogenous fertilizers on grassland earthworms (Oligochaeta: Lumricidae): Their relation to soil acidification | Author: Wei-Chun Ma. Brussaard L. & de Ridder J.A. | Year: 1990 | Klimisch score: 2 - Reliable with restrictions. -
Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods Waiver -
Toxicity to terrestrial plants Waiver -
Hydrolysis Waiver -
Biodegradation in water: screening tests Robust Study Summary -- Title: Handbook of Environmental Data on Organic Chemicals | Author: Verschueren K. | Year: 1983 | Klimisch score: 2 - Reliable with restrictions. -
Biodegradation in water: screening tests Robust Study Summary -- Title: Inherent Biodegradability: OECD Guideline 302 B (1981) Zahn-Wellens Test; | Author: BASF | Year: 1991 | Guideline: 302B | Klimisch score: 2 - Reliable with restrictions. -
Biodegradation in water: screening tests Right to refer to study -- Title: Inherent Biodegradability: OECD Guideline 302 B (1981) Zahn-Wellens Test; | Author: BASF | Year: 1991 | Guideline: 302B | Klimisch score: 2 - Reliable with restrictions. -
Biodegradation in water: screening tests Robust Study Summary -- Title: NN'-Dimethylharnstoff: Determination of the Biodegradability in the DOC Die-Away Test | Author: Schwarz | Year: 2002 | Guideline: 301 A | Klimisch score: 1 - Reliable without restriction. -
Biodegradation in water: screening tests Right to refer to study -- Title: NN'-Dimethylharnstoff: Determination of the Biodegradability in the DOC Die-Away Test | Author: Schwarz | Year: 2002 | Guideline: 301 A | Klimisch score: 1 - Reliable without restriction. -
Biodegradation in water and sediment: simulation tests Waiver -
Biodegradation in soil Robust Study Summary -- Title: The Effect of Soil Environment and Fertilizer Modifications on the Rate of Urea Hydrolysis | Author: Vlek P.L.G. & Carter M.F. | Year: 1983 | Guideline: 304A | Klimisch score: 2 - Reliable with restrictions. -
Biodegradation in soil Robust Study Summary -- Title: Zum biochemischen Harnstoffabbau in wäßriger Lösung - übersicht | Author: Gunkel K. Kümmel R. & Tümpling W.v. | Year: 1990 | Klimisch score: 2 - Reliable with restrictions. -
Bioaccumulation: aquatic/sediment Waiver -
Adsorption/desorption Robust Study Summary -- Title: Urea Transformations in Flooded Soil Columns: I. Experimental Results | Author: Hongprayoon C. Patrick W.H. Lindau C.W. Bouldin D.R. & Reddy K.R. | Year: 1991 | Klimisch score: 2 - Reliable with restrictions. -